30 Sep Ink: Amazing Scientific Invention by Indian Saints of Ancient India
One of the better-known inventions, ink, was created by India. The ink is made by combining fine particles of carbon, such as coal, called lampblack, with water and an adhesive or binder, usually shellac. This type of ink, indian ink, was, and currently is, widely used for drawing.
The Hindu Vedas written in Ink are among some of the most ancient texts in the world
Ink made from various materials when it was first invented in India. This black pigment was used in writing manuscripts in ancient India. India ink was made by burning tar, pitch, bones. Carbon was the primary pigment of India ink.
In India ink commonly called “masi” has been in use since 4th century. This was made of burnt bones, tar and other substances. The oldest form of ink known as India ink or China ink is still used in China and Japan with a small brush. Architects, artists and engineers use this ink because of its bright color and permanence.
Indian documents written in Kharosthi with this ink have been unearthed in as far as Xinjiang, China. The practice of writing with ink and a sharp-pointed needle in Tamil and other Dravidian languages was common practice since antiquity in South India, and so several ancient Buddhist and Jain scripts in India were compiled in ink.
In India, the carbon black from which India ink is formulated was obtained indigenously by burning bones, tar, pitch and other substances.
Carbon-based inks such as India ink are pigmented, and they have great durability, so light and chemicals don’t cause fading. However, they also require paper that’s absorbent, because they will flake off of non-absorbent surfaces such as parchment, and can also aggregate into flakes, which would make the ink inconsistent.
This means they’re not ideal for every use or writing surface. As a result, around the 8th century, inks using chemical precipitation were developed, with the first being iron gall ink based on tannic acid and iron salt bound by resin.
This could be used with a quill pen and parchment or vellum, making this the standard mode of writing from the 12th century to the 19th century.
By Prachodayat Team