04 May Philology and Grammar
Grammar and philology grew out of the insistence on every prayer and formula to be textually and phonetically correct.
The great Amara Simha, Grammarian, Poet and the world’s first Lexicographer according to some western scholars, lived in the 4th century A.D.
His work “Amarakosha” is the authority even today. It is Dictionary of synonyms written in beautiful poetry from beginning to end facilitating easy memorizing…..Nirukta is the world’s oldest work on etymology amd Panini’s Ashtadhyaya is the world’s oldest and greatest grammar.
Vyakarana literally means “explanation, analysis”, and also refers to one of the six ancient Vedangas, or ancillary science connected with the Vedas – the scriptures of Hinduism. Vyakarana is the study of grammar and linguistic analysis in Sanskrit language.
Panini and Yaska are the two celebrated ancient scholars of Vyakarana; both are dated to several centuries prior to the start of the common era, with Panini likely from the 5th century BCE
Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī is the most important surviving text of the Vyakarana traditions.
Vyakarana is related to the fourth Vedanga called Nirukta. Vyakarana emerged as a distinct auxiliary field of Vedic study in ancient times.
However, the archaic language of the Rigveda has been preserved by Vaidik Brahmins. But the Vedic language, like all others, did change, from the Rigveda to the Upanishads.