02 May The movement of sun
While west found out sun movements recently, Ancient India knew about Sun motion thousands of years ago per Bhagvatha Purana.
Many hundreds of years before those great European pioneers, Galileo and Copernicus, had to pay heavy prices in ridicule and excommunication for their daring theories, a section of the Vedas known as the Brahmanas contained this astounding statement:
“The sun never sets or rises. When people think the sun is setting, he only changes about after reaching the end of the day and makes night below and day to what is on the other side. Then, when people think he rises in the morning, he only shifts himself about after reaching the end of the day night, and makes day below and night to what is on the other side. In truth, he does not see at all.”
According to the Hindu scriptures the movement of Sun is two fold, Uttarayan and Dakshinaya. The word ‘Ayan’ means movement. The Sun moves from South to North during Uttarayan.
The Surya Siddhanta defines Uttarāyaṇa or Uttarayan as the period between the Makara Sankranti (which currently occurs around January 14) and Karka Sankranti (which currently occurs around July 16).
The complement of Uttarayana is Dakshinayana, i.e. the period between Karka sankranti and Makara Sankranti as per the sidereal zodiac and between the Summer solstice and Winter solstice as per the tropical zodiac.
Sunrise, noon, sunset and midnight occur in all these places because of the movements of the sun. Diametrically opposite the place where the sunrise takes places and the sun is seen by human eyes, the sun will be setting and passing away from human vision.
Remember, that the earth is round was already known to common Hindus, as can be seen in their home made rangolis, structures, palaces, temples, paintings and Yantras.
Nothing in Brahmand is immovable (Sam Veda)
“Nothing is Static in this world neither living or non-living.” (Brahmand Puran)
“Earth is divided in many plates as much as 14 of them in present Manavatara.” (Brahmand Puran)